18th AND 19th century scientists Pt 21

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18th AND 19th century scientists Pt 21

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Steady State Universe Theory Abandoned (1965).
*Fred Hoyle abandoned his steady state theory entirely
in a public announcement at a meeting of the British
Association for the Advancement of Science. He listed
five scientific reasons why it was impossible (Nature, October
9, 1965, p. 113). (See our website for the five.)
The Switzerland Meeting (1965). It was not until the
1960s that the neo-Darwinists (those who had given up
on natural selection and believed that mutations were the
mechanism of cross-species change) began fighting with
one another in earnest.

At this meeting of mathematicians
and biologists, mathematical doubts were raised
about the possibility of evolution having occurred. At
the end of several hours of heated discussion, it was decided
to hold another meeting the next year.
The Wistar Institute Symposium (1966). A milestone
meeting was the four-day Wistar Institute Symposium, held
in Philadelphia in April 1966. A number of mathematicians,
familiar with biological problems, spoke—and
clearly refuted neo-Darwinism in several ways. An important
factor was that large computers were by this time
able to work out immense calculations—showing that evolution
could not possibly occur, even over a period of
billions of years, given the complexities of DNA, protein,
the cell, enzymes, and other factors.

We will cite one example here: *Murray Eden of MIT
explained that life could not begin by “random selection.”
He noted that, if randomness is removed, only “design”
would remain,—and that required purposive planning by
an Intelligence. He showed that it would be impossible for
even a single ordered pair of genes to be produced by DNA
mutations in the bacteria, E. Coli (which has very little
DNA), with 5 billion years in which to produce it. Eden
then showed the mathematical impossibility of protein
forming by chance. He also reported on his extensive investigations
into genetic data on hemoglobin (red bloodcells). Hemoglobin has two chains, called alpha and beta.

A minimum of 120 mutations would be required to convert
alpha to beta. At least 34 of those changes require
changeovers in 2 or 3 nucleotides. Yet, Eden pointed out,
if a single nucleotide change occurs through mutation, the
result ruins the blood and kills the organism! For more on
the Wistar Institute, read the following book: *Paul
Moorhead and *Martin Kaplan (eds.), Mathematical Challenges
to the Neo-Darwinian Interpretation of Evolution,
Wistar Institute Monograph No. 5.

Antelope Springs Tracks (1968). Trilobites are small
marine creatures that are now extinct. Evolutionists tell
us that trilobites are one of the most ancient creatures
that have ever lived on Planet Earth, and they lived
millions of years before there were human beings. *William
J. Meister, Sr., a non-Christian evolutionist, made a
hobby of searching for trilobite fossils in the mountains of
Utah. On June 1, 1968, he found a human footprint and
trilobites in the same rock, and the footprint was stepping
on some of the trilobites! The location was Antelope
Springs, about 43 miles [69 km] northwest of Delta, Utah.
Then, breaking off a large, two-inch thick piece of rock,
he hit it on edge with a hammer, and it fell open in his

To his great astonishment, he found on one side
the footprint of a human being, with trilobites right in
the footprint itself! The other half of the rock slab
showed an almost perfect mold of a footprint and fossils.
Amazingly, the human was wearing a sandal!

To make a longer story short, the find was confirmed when
scientists came and found more sandaled footprints.
Meister was so stunned that he became a Christian. This
was Cambrian strata, the lowest level of strata in the
world; yet it had sandaled human footprints! (“Discovery
of Trilobite Fossils in Shod Footprint of Human in
‘Trilobite Beds,’ a Cambrian Formation, Antelope,
Springs, Utah,” in Why Not Creation? 1970, p. 190).
The Alpbach Institute Symposium (1969).

Messages : 563
Date d'inscription : 10/03/2012
Localisation : Paris

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